Stagecoach Pet Hospital Blog
Lucy, a 4 year old female spayed Labrador Mix, presented to Stagecoach Pet Hospital for frequent urination. Her owner noticed that her urine was darker than usual.
Lucy has a normal body temperature as well as heart rate and respiration. During the examination, Lucy urinated and it was blood- tinged. No other significant problems were noted on examination.
Lucy had an x-ray of her belly performed. In this x-ray, Lucy is laying on her side with her head facing to the left (head not pictured). See below.
Can you spot something abnormal in the urinary bladder?
Below you can see arrows pointing to several large bladder stones! OUCH!
A urine sample was then analyzed and a urinary tract infection was found.
Due to the large number of bladder stones, the doctor recommended bladder surgery to have them removed. Lucy was also started on antibiotics and pain medication.
Lucy’s procedure went well and there were no complications removing the bladder stones. The stones were sent to an outside laboratory for analysis. They were found to be triple phosphate (Struvite) stones. Lucy’s parents have reported that she feels better than ever now that she is no longer having repeat urinary infections and bladder pain!
How did the stones form?
“Struvite is the name given to the crystal composed of magnesium, ammonium, and phosphate. Struvite crystals are not unusual in normal urine and their presence alone does not require treatment. Combine them with certain bacteria, however, and a stone is created.
Stone creation is made possible by an enzyme called urease that certain bacteria, particularly Staphylococci and Proteus species, can produce. Urea is a substance seen in large amounts in urine. Where does all this urea come from? In short, when the body breaks down amino acids, it must contend with ammonium that is generated in this process. The ammonium, which would be toxic if left alone, is converted to urea, which is much less toxic and is readily soluble in water making for its easy disposal in urine. Unfortunately, adding urease-positive bacteria into the urinary bladder converts the urea back into ammonium. The combination of infection and inflammation caused by the ammonium creates a matrix which traps the struvite crystals and gels into an actual stone. This reaction can only take place in an alkaline urine but the ammonium creates the perfect pH for stone formation. In dogs, the general rule is: No infection, no struvite bladder stone.”
- Wendy Brooks, DVM, DABVP
Lucy will have her urine monitored closely for the next several months in order to prevent more infections.
If you suspect your pet has a urinary infection (trouble urinating, change in urine color, increased urination) please call and schedule an appointment as soon as possible.
Let us know you read our case of the month and receive a free nail trim!
Consider all the joy and love your dog brings into your life. Now, imagine if you could take measures to help your dog live longer with a better quality of life. Wouldn’t you want to return the happiness your dog provides you for years to come?
Fortunately, with proper care over your dog’s lifetime, she can live happier, healthier, and statistically longer.
Bella, a 12 month old female spayed hound mix presented to SPH for loose stool and gurgling sounds from her stomach. Bella’s mom adopted her over a month ago and her stools have not been normal since adoption. Bella is on a high quality dog food and has no history of eating table food.
Bella has a normal body temperature, heart rate, and respiration. She is hydrated and very active. Her belly did not seem painful when palpated.
Fecal examination revealed both hookworms and whipworms!
This is a whipworm egg under the microscope.
Hookworms and whipworms are intestinal parasites that can cause severe diarrhea, failure to thrive, weight loss, vomiting, and even death.
Hookworms are zoonotic. This means that humans can contract this parasite from their pets! Hookworms cause cutaneous larval migrans in people. Running barefoot through the park may seem pleasant but if the soil is contaminated with canine fecal matter, the eager infective larvae may be waiting to penetrate your skin! Be sure to take precautions.
Bella was immediately given a course of deworming medicine and is on her way to clearing the parasites from her system! Her mom is sure to wash her hands thoroughly after picking up Bella’s fecal matter from the yard.
If you suspect your pet has intestinal worms, please schedule an appointment asap!
Summer is the best season to be a dog! The sunshine and great weather lead to endless possibilities of fun outdoor activities. From doggie paddling on a beach summer vacation to leaping through the woods, summer is dog-gone fun!
Kenny, a 1 year old, male neutered mixed breed canine presented to Stagecoach Pet Hospital for severe itchiness with some hair loss of the trunk and head. Kenny was adopted two weeks ago. Kenny is eating and drinking well and up to date on vaccinations.
Heartworm can have devastating consequences for your pet, including death. It is especially tragic when dogs and cats succumb to heartworm disease when it’s entirely preventable. Now that warm weather is finally here, your dog or cat has a much greater likelihood of acquiring heartworm just by being outside since the most common route of transmission is a bite from an infected mosquito.